Boldenone Undecylenate-Mediated Hepatorenal Impairment by Oxidative Damage and Dysregulation of Heat Shock Protein 90 and Androgen Receptors Expressions: Vitamin C Preventive Role

As for other anabolic steroids, its illegal use to increase body mass and enhance physical conditioning is widely demonstrated. Boldenone is an androgenic anabolic steroid intensively used for growth promoting purposes in animals destined for meat production and as a performance enhancer in athletics. Therefore its use is officially banned either in animals intended for consumption or in humans. Because most anabolic steroids are completely metabolized and usually no parent steroid is excreted, metabolite identification is crucial to detect the illegal use of anabolic steroids either in humans or in livestock.

The subsequent step involves finding out how to select a dependable distributor of Equipoise. Searching through all the online information can be daunting for novices, particularly when attempting to locate genuine, quality sources of a substance you plan on injecting into your body. Individual experiences with Equipoise can vary significantly depending on factors like experience, nutrition, workout regimen, and more.


Boldenone is also useful for athletes because after its injection, the production of erythropoietin in the kidneys is stimulated, which helps to increase the synthesis of red blood cells and active the oxygen transporters to the muscle cells. Oxygen-saturated muscle tissue cells are more resistant to destruction, which gives the user a huge advantage during intense and loaded workouts. It has been reported that down regulation of caspase-3 expression and up regulation of Bcl-2 expression can both inhibit neuronal apoptosis produced by cerebral ischemia [80]. The detection of drugs in human hair samples has been performed by laboratories around the world for many years and the matrix is popular in disciplines, such as workplace drug testing.

Similarly, Bahey et al. [80] reported that a significant decrease in AR immunoexpression which was related mainly to TES depletion in diabetic conditions. Also, the Sertoli cells’ responses to stimulation by FSH or androgens would rely on information conveyed from neighboring germinal cells at definite stages of the seminiferous epithelium [81]. Surprisingly, Vit-C could not modify the AR altered expression due to BOL as well as the disturbed hormonal profile. These findings imply that Vit-C did not hinder the BOL depressive actions on the hypothalamus that secrete GnRH that manages pituitary gonadotrophs.


Initially used for veterinary purposes, it wasn’t long before the performance enhancing qualities of boldenone were discovered, leading to its widespread use within the fitness world. Pharmaceuticals is a muscle-enhancing solution tailored for athletes and bodybuilders. This powerful injection is crafted to propel your muscle growth and strength, taking your performance skills to new, exciting levels. ●  Foreseeing potential side effects and keeping supplementary products at ready access for their management is a wise move.●    Bear in mind that Equipoise can persist in your system for several months and can be identifiable in drug tests. Many of these celebrities attest to healthy lifestyles, suggesting that anabolic steroids, when administered correctly, do not necessarily lead to detrimental health effects.

Standards and samples are pipetted into the wells and any AChE present is bound by the immobilized antibody. After removing any unbound substances, a biotin-conjugated antibody specific for AChE is added to the wells. Following a wash to remove any unbound avidin-enzyme reagent, a substrate solution is added to the wells and color develops in proportion to the amount of AChE bound in the initial step. Nitric oxide (NO) level was evaluated in the cortical homogenates by measuring nitrite level.

Metabolism study of boldenone in human urine by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Histological examination showed a decrease in the number of survived neurons in the cerebral cortex of rats treated with tramadol and/or boldenone. The neuronal cell death induced by tramadol and/or boldenone in the cortex of rats could be attributed to the free radical production that can attack the DNA, protein and phospholipids in the cell membrane. Nitric oxide could have a pivotal role in the damaging effect through the formation of peroxynitrite, the powerful oxidant and damaging agent. Therefore, the histopathological changes induced in the cortical tissue could be mediated by the increase in free radical production and caspase-3 and decrease in Bcl-2 levels induced by tramadol and/or boldenone. Our results revealed a substantial decrease in SOD, CAT, and GSH but a significant rise in MDA levels indicating that BOL treatment induces oxidative stress in rat testis.

No detectable changes were noticed in both treated groups apart from some moderate tubular dilatation (Figure 4b,c). Each milliliter of solution contains 25 or 50 milligrams (mg) boldenone undecylenate. Boldebolin by Alpha Pharma is a front-runner in fitness and athletic power supplements. Perfectly formulated for muscle enhancement and workout recovery, it promises to drive your strength to new heights.

Boldenate – Phoenix Remedies

Equipoise is a popular choice for celebrities aiming for weight loss and muscle enhancement akin to the physical transformations seen in fitness coaches and personal trainers. This steroid is often favored because it can help achieve both objectives simultaneously. This dual characteristic makes it a sought-after option among this particular group. Similarly, Equipoise is implicated in managing diseases like hereditary angioedema, Turner syndrome, and Osteoporosis, among other conditions.

Equipoise Benefits

Consistent with the previous studies by Anvari et al. [68], which reported that Vit-C is necessary for the functional and structural integrity of reproductive organs that are androgen-dependent. Effect of boldenone (BLD) (5 mg/kg bwt/once a week) and/or vitamin C (VC) (120 mg/kg b.wt/daily) treatment for eight weeks on liver enzymes, lipid profile, kidney damage products, electrolytes, and protein profile of adult male Wistar rats. Boldenone (BOL; 1,4-androstadiene-17b-ol-3-one) is a well-known androgenic steroid under the trade names Equipoise, Ganabol, Equigan, and Ultragan [10]. Also, BOL used as a growth promoter to improve the food conversion and growth in fattening animals [12] to accomplish more competent production of meat illegally [13]. Additionally, Equipoise has been reported to stimulate the production of red blood cells.

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